Williamsburg Dental Health Center is a general dentistry practice serving patients of all ages.

Rooted in Williamsburg, we offer residents of Williamsburg, Iowa County and the surrounding area service with a smile for you and your family’s Dental and Oral Health Needs!

Happy Mouth, Healthy Smiles

     

  • Pediatric Dental Care


  • General Cleaning and Dental Check-Up


  • Oral Cancer & Orthodontic Screenings


  • Whitenings


  • 6 Month Smiles Orthodontics

If Its Broke, Fix It Right The First Time

     

  • Fillings & Root Canals


  • Oral Surgery


  • Crowns, Veneers, Bridges & More


  • Senior Services


  • Full & Partial Dentures


  • Implant-supported crowns, bridges, and full & partial dentures

Service So Sweet, You’ll Never Switch.

     

  • Try Us and Find Out

Easy steps to promote good dental health!

Proper Flossing

Flossing is an essential part of the tooth-cleaning process because it removes plaque from between teeth and at the gumline, where periodontal disease often begins.

 

If you find using floss awkward or difficult, ask your dental hygienist about the variety of dental floss holders or interdental cleaning devices that are available.

Wind 18″ of floss around middle fingers of each hand. Pinch floss between thumbs and index fingers, leaving a 1″- 2″ length in between. Use thumbs to direct floss between upper teeth.

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Keep a 1″ – 2″ length of floss taut between fingers. Use index fingers to guide floss between contacts of the lower teeth.

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Gently guide floss between the teeth by using a zig-zag motion. Gently wrap floss around the side of the tooth.

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Slide floss up and down against the tooth surface and under the gumline. Floss each tooth thoroughly with a clean section of floss.

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–Illustrations adapted by and used courtesy of the John O. Butler Company–

 

Proper Brushing

Proper brushing is essential for cleaning teeth and gums effectively. Use a toothbrush with soft, nylon, round-ended bristles that will not scratch and irritate teeth or damage gums.

Place bristles along the gumline at a 45-degree angle. Bristles should contact both the tooth surface and the gumline.

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Gently brush the outer tooth surfaces of 2-3 teeth using a vibrating back & forth rolling motion. A rolling motion is when the brush makes contact with the gumline and is moved downward toward the chewing surface. Move brush to the next group of two to three teeth and repeat.

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Maintain a 45-degree angle with bristles contacting the tooth surface and gumline. Gently brush using back, forth, and rolling motion along all of the inner tooth surfaces.

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Tilt brush vertically behind the front teeth. Make several up & down strokes using the front half of the brush.

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Place the brush against the biting surface of the teeth & use a gentle back & forth scrubbing motion. Brush the tongue from back to front to remove odor-producing bacteria.

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–Illustrations adapted by and used courtesy of the John O. Butler Company–

Remember to replace your toothbrush every three to four months. Researchers have established that thousands of microbes grow on toothbrush bristles and handles. Most are harmless, but others can cause cold and flu viruses, the herpes virus that causes cold sores, and bacteria that can cause periodontal infections.

Dental Health Questions

1. What is the main cause of dental caries?

  • The main dietary cause of caries is eating too much sugar or carbohydrates which contain sugar.
  • Caries can be reduced by controlling plaque formation and the intake of sugar. (The two main causes of caries).

2. What is plaque?

  • Plaque is a thin layer of bacteria and food particles that sticks to the teeth, and changes sugars into acid.
    • It cannot be rinsed off.
    • It can be removed by simple brushing and flossing by you at home.
    • The longer plaque is left on the teeth, it hardens (calcifies) into what is called calculus, which can only be removed with special instruments used by your dental hygienist.
    • More concerning: the longer plaque is left on teeth the greater the chances are that it can contribute to caries and gum disease.

3. Why are sugars so harmful to the teeth?

  • Sugars in many foods such as bread, pasta, rice, biscuits, crackers, chips, granola bars, sweets, and pop, help plaque to accumulate and develop on teeth.

 4. Which foods are bad for the teeth?

  • The carbohydrates that help plaque and contribute to caries, are found in sweet tasting foods such as:
    • Table sugar.
    • Added sugars in food.
    • Sweet, carbohydrate-rich snacks and pop.

 5. Will reducing my sugar consumption prevent dental caries?

  • Reducing your sugar intake will decrease the rate of plaque formation, and the decay that it causes.
    • Reducing the amount of sugar consumed is important.
    • It is also important to reduce the frequency of sugar intake.
    • Avoid frequent snacking.
    • Limiting your sugar intake must also be combined with the thorough and regular oral hygiene care like brushing and flossing.

6. What else can I do to prevent caries?

  • Stimulating the flow of saliva can reduce the risk of dental disease.
    • Saliva dilutes the acid formed by the bacteria and sugar/carbohydrate.
    • The acids cause dental caries, so diluting them helps to prevent caries.
    • Chewing sugarless gum also increases salivary flow, as well as helps remove plaque by coming in contact with the tooth’s surface and disrupting the plaque from accumulating.
    • Drinking plenty of water can help keep your mouth moist as well.

Gum Disease

Gum Disease

Gum disease (also called periodontal disease), is an infection of the gums (gingiva) and bones that surround and support the teeth.

Gum disease is caused by plaque that contains bacteria. The bacteria irritates the gums and causes them to break down. If you don\’t do a good job of removing plaque from your teeth, it accumulates and can spread below the gums and damage the bone that supports the teeth.

 

Gum disease occurs in four different stages:

Gingivitis

 

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Gingivitis is a mild disease that only involves the gum tissues. The tissues appear red, swollen, and may bleed with brushing and flossing. Gingivitis can be reversed within 7-14 days of thorough oral hygiene care.

 

Slight Periodontitis

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Periodontitis is gum disease that gets worse and spreads below the gums, damaging the tissues and bone surrounding and supporting the teeth.

Moderate Periodontitis   

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The longer the plaque, calculus, and bacteria are not removed the disease progresses and gets worse…

 

Advanced Periodontitis

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…and worse.

Dental Caries also known as Cavities

Dental Caries also known as Cavities

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Dental Caries on the chewing surface of teeth (Occlusal Caries)

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Dental Caries in between two teeth (Interproximal Caries)

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Dental Caries on the root surface (cementum) of the teeth

(Root Caries)

Steps in Caries Development

1) Cariogenic (sugar/carbohydrate) food is eaten.

2) Cariogenic food is taken into the plaque.

3) Plaque is formed on tooth surface.

4) The pH of the plaque drops.

5) Acid forms.

6) More exposures to cariogenic foods.

7) Demineralization begins.

8) Caries process is started.

9) White spot lesion is seen.

10) Dental Caries/Cavity is formed.